Arvind Mayaram has a PhD in Finance and is currently an independent thinker and Economic Adviser to Chief Minister of Rajasthan. He is also Chairman at CUTS Institute for Regulation and Competition. He has earlier held the positions of Finance Secretary, Secretary, Ministry of Minorities and Special Secretary in the Ministry of Rural Development in the Government of India. He has also been the Alternate Governor for India on the Boards of the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and the African Development Bank. In the Government of Rajasthan, he has worked as Commissioner, Investment and Non Resident Indians Investment, Secretary Planning, Secretary Industries and Commerce, Secretary Tourism, Art and Culture and Principal Secretary Training.